• June 12, 2019

In this cornerstone of modern liberal social theory, Peter Kropotkin states that the En la práctica de la ayuda mutua, cuyas huellas podemos seguir hasta las. Piotr Kropotkin: La Ayuda Mutua: un factor en la evolución. According to Kropotkin, competition within a species is the rare exception .. de cómo la ayuda mutua es un factor de evolución hcia una sociedad más justa.

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Oct 02, Rakhmetov rated it it was amazing.

L’ajuda mútua: un factor en l’evolució

I was expecting more from this book And while his conclusions – about the causes of industrial progress and the powers of unionization – seem outdated and unwarranted today, the general case is strong for the affiliation ayuca societal progress of the arts, sciences and crafts and the opportunities for voluntary social cooperation.

Taking pretty much everything that current cultural and social thought vultures around down a couple of notches, Kropotkin makes a logical, sad-because-it-was-even-necessary argument for what biologists now call mutualism.

What I wish he had done was gone on to publish a critical edition of the book, with updated versions of the scientific research Kropotkin himself cited, in light of 20th century additions to things like ethology.

Much of his thinking on the nature of soc Peter Kropotkin is one of the most noteworthy anarchist thinkers over the last two centuries. Even in the period dominated by the great states, the present for Kropotkin, mutual aid institutions still flourished despite the state’s intimidating presence. Mike Menser made me read it for a class he was teaching on social philosophy. Kropotkin essentially argues that the social practices of the period were what allowed the Renaissance to occur, but by the time it really hit its stride, it was already starting to be crushed out by the rise kropotkinn states.

Thus, for example, though Kropotkin did cite several anthropological sources, he apparently didn’t consult, or at least didn’t quote, others.

Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution – Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin (kni︠a︡zʹ) – Google Books

This book has had not only philosophical and other nonfiction sequelae, as I knew before I read it. It’s evident that he sometimes found English usages a little inconvenient.

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Medical knowledge and sanitation are necessary for any large community to survive–and development of such things is too often neglected without an understanding of the nature and process of disease. There’s too much at stake, selfishness-wise for the argument to be anything more than a hoary maxim, consigned to the love-thy-neighbor, turn-the-other-cheek bin. The Darwinian struggle for survival has been with the environment, not with other people. Ka of kropotjin themes continue in extreme importance well into the present.

A Factor mtuua Evolution is a essay collection by Russian naturalist and anarchist philosopher Peter Kropotkin. This page was last edited on 17 Septemberat He argues that communism, of the anarchist variety, holds the best promise for further industrial development and social organization.


Evolution in Kropotkin’s view, favors aggregation of organisms that are trying to find the best way of combining the wants of the individual with those of cooperation for the welfare of the species. Political science and the law were all subject to State centralisation. When I used to work at Bound Together, an anarchist bookshop in San Francisco, they teased me because I had never read this book by Kropotkin aka the anarchist formerly known as prince.

Published original init is still maybe even more polemic. There is no real reason to believe that societies will inevitably develop in certain directions, always by the same processes. It is an argument against theories of social Darwinism that emphasize competition and survival of the fittestand against the romantic depictions by writers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseauwho thought that cooperation was motivated by universal love.

Thus, for example, Kropotkin uses a form of triage created by progressivist anthropologists: A reminder of how lucky we are to be able to watch “Blue Planet” today. Stephen Jay Gould admired Kropotkin’s observations, noting that cooperation, if it increases individual survival, is not ruled out by natural selectionand is in fact encouraged.

Normally, when I’m reading a book which has appendices, I read them when I’m referred to them in the text you know, the footnote that says ‘see Appendix G’.

Jul 11, Ari rated it liked it. What an excellent book. Evolution has actually favored cooperation in certain situations, and so therefore it is as efficient as competitive market based structures.

He noticed a positive correlation between the distance of a village in Russia was from the governing authority of that region and Moscow in general and mutual aid. One thing I felt this book really succeeded at was illustrating the importance of the guild in medieval cities, and also how the emerging forces of centralized states and capitalist economics reduced the enjoyment people could have in their jobs and alienated them from each other. He did not deny the competitive form of struggle, but argued that the cooperative counterpart has been under-emphasized: New economical and social institutions, in so far as they were a creation of the masses, new ethical systems, and new religions, all have originated from the same source, and the ethical progress of our race, viewed in its broad lines, appears as a gradual extension of the mutual-aid principles from the tribe to always larger and larger agglomerations, so as to finally embrace one day the whole of mankind without respect to its divers creeds, languages and races.

Kropotkin is an anarchist and also a gentleman-scientist, and his goal in this book is to show how “mutual aid” plays an important role, even a pivotal role, in the natural world, in evolution, and among humanity. I think we today are a little more used to this idea, but Kropotkin was writing this book during the heyday of Social Darwinism, so I think it was a bolder statement to contemporaries.


Much of his thinking on the nature of society was formed when he was observing the behavior of animals in Siberia. He however, acknowledges that this is not the only rule that drives nature the other main one being of competitionbut chooses to only focus on mutual aid because it has been so far completely ignored by the authors and scientist of this time.

Finally, he proceeds to the contemporary stage of a hundred years ago. Due to the times in which this book was written it is very long winded with multiple examples, but he makes some interesting points which will resonate with many readers today.

The organisation recognised the family as a unit and the private accumulation of wealth, but this was strictly limited to moveable items. However such self interest is not the only characteristic of this new world, there is distrust and almost hatred of the poor.

Jul 18, Ignacio rated it really liked it Shelves: That is where each reader must evaluate his or her view of humanity’s nature and render a judgment on “the anarchist prince.

Refresh and try again. Part of a series on Anarcho-communism Concepts. I wish evolutionary theory had continued on its Russian path, or perhaps, that I lived there. It offers a great contribution to evolutionary theory that is still relevant today, in the guise of group selection theory, and many ways still offering a valuable platform for future research.

In this sense, I don’t see Kropotkin’s analysis as providing a basis for a ‘natural’ argument for anarchist society–though his conclusion certainly is more affirming than many sociological analyses I’ve come across. He insists that creatures have ways of limiting their reproduction rate, so that they do not produce too many offspring in good times to survive the bad times.

It was chiefly evolved during periods of peace and prosperity; but when even the greatest calamities befell men—when whole countries were laid waste by wars, and whole populations were decimated by misery, or groaned under the yoke of tyranny—the same tendency continued to live in the villages and among the poorer classes in towns; it still kept them together, and in the long run reacted even upon those ruling, fighting, and devastating minorities which dismissed it as sentimental nonsense.

He reminds us that modernity has brought with it a decline in human relations, but at the core human beings are primed to help each other in greater and greater ways.