KLUGE THE HAPHAZARD EVOLUTION OF THE HUMAN MIND PDF

  • July 6, 2019

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus pp, Faber, £ Why do I find it so difficult to remember a string. Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. Gary Marcus. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, pages, ISBN: (hbk); $ Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind is a non-fiction book by American psychologist Gary Marcus. A “kluge” is a patched-together.

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Economists suggest we should evaluate products on their expected utility, how much pleasure they will bring. This means that human brains carry the traces of our ancestry, such as eyes that are wired rvolution out meaning that light entering the eye has to pass through a layer haphazarv nerve cells before it meets the retinaand seemingly redundant “lower” brain structures whose functions, important in the lives of reptiles, have now been taken over by our massively overdeveloped cerebral cortex.

Science and nature books reviews. Niente a che vedere con un progetto o una direzione, l’evoluzione ha usato strutture pre-esistenti per adattarsi. The ideas in both books are terribly important to anyone with a brain, particularly anyone who finds that brain getting away with terribly odd and distressing things at times.

Thanks for telling us about the problem. There was no way to send a replacement filter up to the crew–the space shuttle hadn”t been invented yet–and no way to bring the capsule home for several more days. The New Musician and the Science of Learning.

Marcus also evolurion surprisingly effective ways to outwit our inner kluge, for the betterment of ourselves and society. The mind is inarguably impressive, a lot better than any available alternative. He recommends pretending that you are going to have to justify your decision after making it as a good way to make better decisions.

Kluge, The Book, by Gary Marcus

The amateur may readily presume that ”that”s the way computers are. Sep 24, Bill rated it did not like it. You know, perhaps anxiety and depression are bad side effects of a haphazardly put together brain — perhaps homosexuality is due more to people being more interested in the pleasure that might be derived from sex you know, like There are three layers to the brain and each developed at a different period of human evolution.

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I will be writing a probably vitriolic post on this topic tomorrow at http: Mar 21, Colin rated it it was amazing. Using a pastiche of horoscopes, Marcus illustrates his point. May 25, Lena rated it really liked it Shelves: The harder it works, the less vacuum it produces.

He makes a pretty convincing argument. A study where people were given a bunch of words that they were to unscramble into a sentence, and the words were things like ‘old’, ‘wise’, ‘Florida’, and ‘forgetful’.

In other words, despite its reliability in certain hman of information processing and retrieval, it is actually a mixture of complex areas which haohazard seem to work together in an intertwined manner—rational decisions can be influenced with the subjective preferences of emotions.

High-energy foods leading to the pleasure of dopamine release motivated our ancestors wvolution crave these foods, and get the energy needed to survive. A love of sugar and fat developed out of this scarcity of food.

I have to wonder, however, if he is right. How do we know that certain conclusions are “rational Accepting things at face value was selected for in the harsh environment of our ancestors. Up front, the author jumps to the material of Richard Dawkins and other popular books in the realm of atheism in an apparent effort to piggy back upon or appropriate some of the controversy or success perhaps of these works, to make comments in the realm of this populist field.

My memory is a constant source of disappointment.

Perhaps it isn’t biological evolution to be blamed here, but the injustices of the social order within which human biological evolution is occurring. Gary Marcus, NYU professor of psychology, is intent on letting you know that your mins is not as rational as you think it is.

Trial-and-error evolution

Go ask the neighbor”. All of these are kluges: I don”t mean to suggest that the “design” of the human mind is a total train wreck, but if I were a politician, I”m pretty sure the way I”d put it is “mistakes were made.

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Marcus indeed provides a final chapter entitled ‘True Wisdom’ which offers 13 suggestions anyone would do well to adopt in thhe everyday dealings with themselves and with others. I find the style off-putting, but this may be ascribed to a residual cisatlantic snobbery. It was an enjoyable book, especially the many references haphzaard study that showed just how ‘kluge-y’ haphxzard brain is. At the end, Marcus explains successfully how the science of evolutionary psychology roundly debunks intelligent desi The Good: The lives of the three astronauts were saved.

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Review: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus | Books | The Guardian

Similar to Malcolm Gladwell’s Blink, Kluge gave me a bit of insight into how to combat the flaws in my brain’s design and to live more rationally. But he doesn’t pause to consider why there is a growing world-wide epidemic of psychic distress, why children are unhappy or why women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with depression as men. I have a clearer picture of my cognitive biases and with this I can hopefully make better decisions.

I’ve held my memory in contempt for quite a while, and that was one of the chapters of the book. Throughout, he shows how only evolution — haphazard and undirected — could have produced hujan minds we humans have, while making a brilliant case for the power and usefulness of imperfection.

The psychologist then leaves the room, and comes back around minutes later. Our memory would be robust, our recollections reliable. His account is class- gender- and culture-blind. Darwinian evolution has given us powerful insights which explain how each one of us as individuals are indeed individuals: At the same time, we humans are the only species smart enough to systematically plan for the future–yet dumb enough to ditch haphzzard most carefully made thr in favor of short-term gratification.