• July 26, 2019

The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. William H Wiser was the first one to introduce the term. THE JAJMANI SYSTEM. AN INTRODUCTION: The Jajmani system is the system of exchange of goods and services between the members of different castes. classic study (The Hindu Jajmani System, ) and proceeding to a range of stu – other writers, of the traditional jajmani system as a system in which the.

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First, kamins are not totally dependent upon their jajmans for their livelihood. Castes in early India were economically interdependent on one another. Read this article to learn about the meaning, definition, advantages and disadvantages of Jajmani system in India. They become helpless before the money power of their Jajmans. So sywtem system creates an atmosphere of peaceful living by creating the spirit of fellow-feeling and co-operation.

So this system suffers from all the evils of caste system. Kamin may sell his rights to a client to another kamin.

jajmani system : Definition,Functions,characteristics

Similarly, the kamin renders services to jajman according to the payment he receives. Gould also studied the formal rate at which jajmans paid purjans for the services rendered. Upload Your Knowledge on Sociology: However, all castes do not necessarily participate in this reciprocal exchange.

Is jajmani system an exploitative system? According to Harold Gould, in such a situation, the lower castes make their own jajmani arrangements either through direct exchange of labour or by paying in cash or kind.

From religious, the term passed onto socio-economic relations. Here, the Britishers were more interested in developing their economy at the cost of Indian economy. Because this system is based on heredity, the kamin cannot take other Job or occupation and the advantage of latest wystem developments to improve his economic condition.


The Jajmani system is based on the agricultural system of production and distribution of goods and services. The magnitude of the system is small by any measure of economic activity.

Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

Various studies of the Jajmani system in India have been made. Caste solidarity prevails over loyalties to jajmani associates.

Jajmani in Tanjore was studied by though in It distributes the agricultural produce in exchange for menial and craft services. It is the link between the landowning high caste groups and occupational castes. Yogendra Singh describes Jajmani system as a system governed by relationship based on reciprocity in inter-caste relations in villages.

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. Definition, Function and Other Details.

Jajmani system

Caste and Politics in Indian Society. Jajman has to be paternalistic towards his kamins and fulfill their demands. You must be logged in to post a comment. The challange in the jajmani system came when India was under the British rule. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

Jajmani system has stood on the way of occupational mobility and resulted in lowering sywtem standard of the kamins. The specific problem is: His difficulty will not be in dismissing him, but in finding a substitute. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Jajmani System is characterised by the following: It is the relationship between families that continue to exist over time. I am a social animal who likes to have maximum participation in any fest.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The significance in this jajman-kamin relationship is that the jajman is expected to give concessions in the form of free food, free clothing, rent-free lands, etc.


The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. The jajmani links are between families rather than castes. This suggests the magnitude of the economic interaction involved. Jajmans are mainly people who appointed Brahmins to perform religious worships and were obliged to pay them a portion of the money to them. Various land reforms had their impact on the interaction among castes, which gradually had affected the jajmani system and other social systems of village life. The jajmani rights are permanent.

Kolenda has maintained that dominant castes swing the balance of power in their favour in such relationships in many villages in India. Help us improve this article! The kamins, who provide services to jajmans also, need the services of other castes for themselves. For example, the weaver who is paid in cash for what he makes and sells is not entitled to customary share of the harvest.

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According to Harold Gould, the Jajmani system is inter-relation of Jajmans patrons and Kameen occupational castes for the sake of maintaining an economic and religious equilibrium. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. In Vetti-chakiri and Begar lower castes have only had obligations or duties to render free jwjmani to the upper caste community also called as Vetti or Vetti chakiri.