• June 18, 2019

Students will engage in the learning process; Students will obtain basic understanding of Instructional Management theories and the three key. Systems Theory. Solution Kounin, Jacob S. () Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. Holt having so that instruction continues moving. Jacob Kounin is known for two studies regarding classroom management in the ‘s. His book, Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms, outside of the group may be having so that instruction may continue.

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The teacher can use other non-verbal techniques to show students that they are alert and care about the well-being of all students. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. According to Kounin, good classroom management depends on effective lesson management. Student behavior is influenced by the smoothness and effectiveness of transitions between tasks in a lesson.

Kounin outlined specific ways to prevent misbehaviour, manage the lesson and maintain focus in the classroom. Move around the room and asking students to show you what they have done For students with special needs, group alerting can help to make the lesson more interesting to them.

Jacob Kounin: Instructional Management

The teacher should make each center as kinestethic as possible with many manipulatives at each station i. Effective transitions, according to Kounin, include keeping lessons moving with avoiding abrupt changes. Kounin found that teaching style directly affects student behaviour, and that teachers who are organised, have well planned lessons, and are constantly aware of all students and happenings in their classroom will have success in preventing unwanted and off task behaviour.

For example, a teacher switch from one topic to another topic without sufficiently notifying the students. If teachers are able to demonstrate appropriate teaching behaviours, maintain appropriate instructional momentum, work toward group focus and plan a learning environment that is conducive to learning. An example of this would be a student late for the class interrupts or technology that is being used goes wrong. Jacob Kounin [Group Management]. Many times, a teacher can get distracted and leave a topic open and not come back to it until later, which can be confusing to students.


Kounin emphasizes that providing smooth and effective transitions is one of the most important techniques in maintaining student involvement and class control. In a high school setting, a teacher needs to incorporate all of the aspects of Kounin’s philosophy in their teaching practice.

The teacher knows what is going to happen next but needs to be prepared for unexpected changes that could occur throughout the day. Overlapping is closely related to withitness, without one effectiveness would be reduced.

Transitioning from one activity to another without disruptions. Making sure she is reminded about what is expected my help her not to become distracted so easily. Retrieved from ” https: Discipline and Group Management in Kuonin.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin

The group focus aspect in the high school setting really takes a quick attention to detail. Discipline and group management in classrooms. The belief is that doing this will show other students that they will not get away with this either.

It is very important that elementary instructors maintain their energy and enthusiasm when presenting to their students.


Effective classroom management correlates with high achievement. What do you think?

Managemenf example of overlapping could be when a teacher gives a student individual feedback at one station and also monitors the performance of other students in the room. When instructing one group, a teacher should be able to acknowledge difficulties that students outside of the group may be having so that instruction may continue.

In this instance, students have to wait for their turn and, while waiting, might begin to talk and engage in other misbehaviours.

Exploring the Theories of Instructional Management: Jacob Kounin by Casey Wun on Prezi

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories. Be sure to include activities of various lengths and for a variety of ability levels. This page was last edited on 28 Augustat inshructional He watched as the correction of one student behavior actually spread to other students engaging in inappropriate behaviors, and resulted in a much more ordered room.


If students are struggling the teacher can reflect on what they can do to make the lesson more meaningful and easier to understand for their students.

The Kounin Model on Slideshare. Create your website today. The relationship between effective management and effective teaching is maintained through withitness, overlapping, momentum, smoothness theoy group focus. The teacher can maintain this strategy by making eye contact to all students at all times. Students that feel they are learning will make connections between old and new material.

This technique allows the teacher to have an idea about those students who may cause an unwanted tangent and those who may have a good question, pertaining to utilise the time effectively.

Another thing that can ruin smoothness is when a teacher does not have a plan or course of action, it can seem as though the lecture is jumping from one topic to the next. The teacher should know each student on a personal basis i.

This can also look like asking random questions, or asking a student a question and then looking around at other students to see if they are thinking or ready to respond. Jacob Kounin, author of Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms developed a theory focused on preventing unwanted behaviour by implementing effective lesson management.

This Lesson Movement is achieved through withitness, overlapping, momentum, smoothness, and group focus. These are the main theories and history of Jacob Kounin.

Thank you for interesting in our services. Momentum refers to the force and flow of a lesson.

Download ppt “Jacob Kounin: According to Kounin, when students are off-task, the teacher should send a clear message that communicates to students the awareness that they are not working and that they need to become engaged. Students need to know that the teacher is aware of what is going on in the classroom.