The year saw the most severe influenza season since national reporting of influenza began in Early in the season the National Incident Room was. northern hemisphere (November to April ). Between October and January , influenza was reported in Africa, the. This report summarises information on seasonal influenza rates in the EU/EEA for eight influenza seasons (– to –).
Children 6 months to 9 years of age getting a flu shot for the first time will need two doses of vaccine the first year they ifluehza2007 vaccinated, with the first dose ideally being given in September.
The number of weeks at or above region specific baselines ranged from four weeks in the Mid Atlantic region to 14 weeks in the East North Central region, with the other seven regions reporting between 10 and 13 weeks at or above baseline. The most advanced investigational therapeutics include the parenterally administered neuraminidase inhibitor peramivir [ 23 ], the RNA polymerase inhibitor T [ 24 ], and a sialidase fusion construct, DAS [ 25 ].
Influenza (Flu) Season | CDC
Le site interministeriel de preparation a un risque de pandemie grippale. However, it is still not certain whether this dosage is optimal for treating H5N1 virus infection.
The peak number of states reporting widespread or regional activity during the previous three seasons has ranged reportt 41 to 48 states.
Vaccination Summary For Clinicians: Indonesia recently reported cases and 87 deaths due to H5N1 virus infection, confirming its current rank as the world leader in the number of human H5N1 influenza cases.
Childhood influenza vaccination coverage-United States, —05 influenza season. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Data repott same-clade, multiple-dose vaccines in humans were obtained from a study comparing 4 doses of a subvirion H5N1 clade 1 vaccine with placebo in healthy adults age range, 18—64 years [ 12 ]. It enabled the current state of our surveillance systems to be assessed and opportunities for improvement to be identified.
This is particularly important for people at high risk for serious flu complications and their close contacts.
Annual report of the National Influenza Surveillance Scheme, 2007.
With this information, they forecast which three viruses are most likely to make the most people sick during the next flu season. In this study, all formulations were well tolerated and were immunogenic, even after only 1 dose in some individuals. Influenza A H1 viruses were most commonly isolated from October to mid-January, but influenza A Eeport viruses increased in circulation in January and predominated during the season overall.
Did CDC recommend any changes to the guidance on the use of antivirals for the influenza season? The availability of mechanical ventilators illustrates this point effectively. All 50 states reported widespread influenza activity for at least two weeks during the season. During the season, 76 deaths in children were reported to CDC.
Regional flu activity is defined as increased flu-like activity or flu outbreaks in at least two — but fewer than half — of the regions in a state with recent laboratory evidence of flu in those regions. It usually takes about two weeks after the second dose for protection to begin. The year saw the most severe influenza season since national reporting of influenza began in The greatest number of human deaths due to H5N1 influenza virus infection has been reported from Indonesia, but the region of highest incidence has been continually evolving.
Zanamivir is considered to be an alternative for oseltamivir-resistant viruses. Email alerts New issue alert. Pandemic severity index [ 34 ]. In Europe, influenza occurs in regular annual epidemics in the winter season.
Board on population health and public health practice. What can be done to protect children from flu-associated illness and death? Flu A viruses are subtyped in public health laboratories, such as state department of health laboratories and CDC Influenza Division laboratories. Flu Deaths in Children Flu-associated deaths in children defined as persons aged 18 years and younger first became a nationally notifiable condition during the flu season and are reported through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System NNDSS.
Little spontaneous resistance to neuraminidase inhibitors has been documented to date, and no spontaneously resistant influenza viruses were identified prior to the introduction of the drugs [ 919 ]. Although H5N1 influenza is associated with a higher viral load, wider tissue tropism, and greater cytokine dysregulation than seasonal influenza, the exact mechanism of increased pathogenicity is unclear [ 67 ]. Accessed 6 March However, many problems subsist.
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See all updates on seasonal influenza immunisation News Influenza vaccination coverage rates insufficient across EU Member States news story – 18 Dec Seasonal influenza is a preventable infectious disease with mostly respiratory symptoms.
What was this season like in terms of bacterial co-infections, including Staphylococcus aureuswith flu? Human-to-human transmission of H5N1 virus infection is inefficient, and most patients with H5N1 virus infection had direct contact with sick or dead poultry. Because a sufficient amount of vaccine is unlikely to be available during the first wave of infection and because recourse to antiviral agents may be limited by suboptimal existing stocks and distribution logistics, nonpharmacologic community intervention will be key during this period.
The increase in the percentage of visits for ILI and ARI during the week ending December 29, week 52 might have been influenced by a reduction in routine health-care visits during the holiday season, as has occurred during previous seasons. Outbreaks of H5N1 virus infection in poultry were reported in 38 countries from the end of through the middle of March [ 2 ]. Based on available data from U.
2007-2008 Influenza (Flu) Season
All Member States recommended seasonal influenza vaccine for people with immunosuppression due to disease or treatment, metabolic disorders, chronic pulmonary diseases, cardiovascular diseases and renal diseases for six of iifluenza2007 eight influenza seasons covered in this report.
Notifications and notification rates were highest in the and years age groups, possibly due to a bias towards testing in these age groups. Individual countries are establishing their own pandemic preparedness plans, with many following World Health Organization pandemic phase definitions. The aim of this report was to geport the information on seasonal influenza immunisation recommendations and vaccination coverage rates in the European Union EU and the European Economic Area EEA between — 08 and —15, a total of eight influenza seasons.