• August 17, 2019

Geographic Distributions and Origins of Human Head Lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) Based on Mitochondrial Data. Jessica E. Light, Julie M. Allen*, Lauren. ABSTRACT Pediculosis capitis (head lice infestation) is a worldwide public health concern affecting mostly toparasite, Pediculus humanus capitis, which only. Pediculosis capitis infestation, commonly known as head lice, is the manifestation of the obligate ectoparasite, Pediculus humanus capitis, which only affects the.

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Outbreaks of body lice infestations and louse-borne diseases continue to occur globally and have been documented in jails and refugee camps in central and eastern Africa, rural areas in the Peruvian Andes, and amongst rural populations in Russia.

Trench fever, caused by B. Please review our privacy policy. Persistent head lice following multiple treatments: Methods Place of study This study was carried out in Mafraq governorate from December to February Based on this formula, the minimum sample size needed uhmanus students; however, the sample size was increased to include all eligible students in the selected schools so as to increase the power and validity of the study.

Pediculosis Corporis – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf

Affilations 1 Campbell Univ. Furthermore, the surveys were conducted around 10 years before our study, during different seasons and in different yumanus with different socioeconomic status and lifestyles.

It is recommended that orphanages make efforts of head lice prevention, control and eradication as well as instilling the awareness in governesses and orphans of the importance of scalp and hair hygiene. Current issue Volume 24, number 10, October How to cite item.

Clear Turn Off Turn On. This reinforces the importance of hair care washing and brushing peviculus the frequency of hygiene practices in the prevention of lice infestation.

Body lice are parasitic insects that feed on human blood. Infection occurs when a person crushes an infected louse, and the bacteria then invade the bite site or the skin of the fingers or hand that crushed the louse. The prevalence of lice infestation in our study was significantly higher among girls than boys, which concurs with the results of other studies done in Jordan [8], the region [1,2] and worldwide [11,19]. Management and Treatment of Human Lice.


The biology and taxonomy of head and body lice–implications for louse-borne disease prevention.

A suitable room was chosen in every selected school to conduct the hair examination. Children infested with head lice suffer from head itches and irritation. Show details Treasure Island FL: The greatest medical impact of body lice is their ability to transmit bacterial diseases, most notably trench fever caused by Bartonella quintanarelapsing fever caused by Borrelia recurrentisand epidemic louse-borne typhus caused by Rickettsia prowazekii.

Furthermore, many Jordanian girls cover their head only outside their home, and therefore transmission can still occur inside the home capifis their siblings and family hunanus. In the United States and other developed countries, body lice infestations most commonly occur in homeless populations who lack access to clean clothes or showers. Similar articles in PubMed. Kamiabi F, Nakhaei Cwpitis. In the medical literature, body lice are often referred to as Pediculus humanus corporisbut according to the rules of the International Commission on Zoological Peediculus, this is an improper designation.

Prevalence and associated factors of head lice infestation among primary schoolchildren in Kelantan, Malaysia. Our figure is similar to some studies in different parts of the world The three types of lice that feed on humans are the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitisthe pubic or crab louse, Pthirus pubisand the body louse.

Al-Saeed WY et al. A pdeiculus is an immature louse, which except for its smaller size, has the same appearance as an adult louse.

There has been debate amongst entomologists regarding the proper taxonomy of head and body lice, some identify them as two different species, while others group them as a single species.


Epidemic typhus can cause a vasculitis leading to limb ischemia, gangrene, central nervous system CNS dysfunction and multiorgan failure. Pediculus humanus capitis have cosmopolite attributes, and normally affect school age children. This figure is higher than previously reported in other areas in Jordan Amman, North Jordan Buku ajar Keperawatan Medikal Bedah.

Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal,11 5—6: This may be because children from larger families with less income may not be able to pay attention to hair care and have a higher risk of the parasite being transmitted by their siblings [24].

The Importance of Hair and Scalp Hygiene for Pediculus Humanus Capitis Epidemic Prevention

Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. Head louse developing a practical approach. Head lice prevalence in primary schools in Victoria, Australia. Programmes are needed to increase awareness of pediculosis capitis and the importance of good personal hygiene.

The Importance of Hair and Scalp Hygiene for Pediculus Humanus Capitis Epidemic Prevention – Neliti

However we obtained approval from parents, a response rate of In addition to lice, indirect findings such as blood stains or louse feces may be discovered. Image of body lice. Significant morbidity and mortality are associated with louse-borne diseases but can be reduced substantially with early recognition and appropriate antibiotic therapy.

In agreement with international trends, children aged 6—8 years were the most frequently affected with head lice [1,2,4,7].

Email the author Login required. Prevalence of pediculosis capitis and determination of risk factors in primary-school children in Kerman. Acknowledgments We would like to thank the nurses who helped in the examination and education of the children. Downs AM et al. Co-infection with head lice, pubic lice, scabies, and fleas may be found, especially in jjrnal populations.