Original Cerchar abrasiveness index tester (OCAI 70) – ASTM D The OCAI accurately determines the rock abrasivity index (CAI) employed for the. ASTM D Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Abrasiveness of Rock Using the CERCHAR Method Link. Two standards exist for this test method: the French. standard AFNOR NF P () and ASTM. D (). The test is widely.
CAI tests were originally carried out on natural broken surfaces. The Cerchar abrasiveness index. Pricing information and quote request on Geotechgate. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. The device is rigid and also fixed to avoid any lateral movement.
Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. There are two equipment design to run the test:.
Users of these practices are cautioned that compliance with Practice D does not in itself assure reliable results. Send us an email to editor geotechdata. While, in the West design, the rock sample moves under a stationary x7625.
The test is then carried out by relative displacement of the pin on the rock surface across 10 mm at given time intervals. There are two equipment design to run the test: Copyright – Geotechdata. After the test, th epin is carefully removed and the tip flat wear is measured.
CAI is used to assess the abrasiveness of rock for mechanical excavation. The Cerchar- Abrasivity-Index CAI is then calculated from the measured diameter of the resulting wear flat on the pin: Rock abrasiveness governs the performance of disc cutters, the rate of its replacement and therefore subsequent tunnel costs.
Free quote for buying vane shear test equipment: It allows to determine an index called CERCHAR Abrasicity Index CAI for the rock’s abrasivity which can be used for d76625 the wear of excavation equipment in d7652 application such as mining, d7265 and drilling.
The test method consists of measuring the wear on the tip of steel stylus with a cone shape and known Rockwell Hardness, caused by scratching against a freshly broken or saw cut rock surface for a prescribed 10 awtm distance using one of the two test apparatus.
Both devices include the following main parts: Can astj edit this page? Rock abrasiveness testing for tunnelling. The dead load is then placed on the top of the pin and the pin is carefully lowered to the rock surface. The testing principle is based on a steel pin with defined geometry and hardness that is scratches the surface of a rough rock sample over a distance of 10 mm under static load of 70 N.
It should have a diamater of at least 6 mm and the length should be such at the visibile part of th epin is at least 15 mm. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.
However, there are situations where stylus with different Rockwell Hardness can be used Therefore, this test method includes discussions on stylus with different Rockwell Hardness. The Cerchar- Abrasivity-Index CAI is then calculated from the measured diameter of the resulting wear flat on the pin:.
Laboratory Tests on Rock – List of Tests – Tonon USA
Advances in methods of underground excavation, in particular the use of the tunnel boring machine TBMnecessitates knowledge asrm rock abrasiveness. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing and sampling.
The main difference between the two methods is in the duration of the test. The abrasivity of rock and soil is a factor of significant importance for excavation in tunnelling, underground construction, mining or quarrying. E7625 Item s – proposed revisions of this standard.
In heterogeneous rock types such as conglomerates, coarse grained granite or schistose rock, suitable fresh test surfaces are not achieved by mechanical breakage using a hammer. Abrasiveness expresses a behavioral characteristic of rock rather than a fundamental physical or mechanical property.
No other units of measurement are included in this standard. The rock sample is placed in the equipment and firmly clamped using a rigid vice. The CAI values obtained for both testing velocities 1 are estimated to be equal.
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Cerchar Abrasivity test equipment The testing principle is based on a steel pin with defined geometry and hardness that is scratches the surface of a rough rock sample over a distance of 10 mm under static load of 70 N. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Note 1—The quality of the result produced by asttm practices is dependent upon the competence of the personnel performing it and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used.
Abraison can be defined as wearing or tearing away of particles and material from the solid surface.