• July 4, 2019

A Árvore do Conhecimento (Maturana & Varela, ). 1 like. Book. A Arvore Do Conhecimento – Humberto Maturana e Francisco Varela. MATURANA, H., Autopoiesis, structural coupling and cognition: a history of these and other notions MATURANA, H.; VARELA, F., De Máquinas e seres vivos: autopoiese, a organização do MATURANA, H.; VARELA, F., A árvore do conhecimento: as bases biológicas do entendimento humano [The tree of knowledge].

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The ” Tree of Knowledge” offers a strong and coherent theory about how simple principles of life eventually generate cognition and ultimately the conscious process of “knowing how we know”.

The environment does not instruct an organism; it only triggers internal dynamics. The knowledge of this knowledge constitutes the social imperative for a human-centered ethics.

On a lighter note, it’s funny to see orthodox scientist having their minds blown by stuff philosophers have been talking about since Hume, like the fact that conscience is not, by any means, a unified whole, but rather a “bundle of perceptions” made coherent by self-regulating mechanisms.

Books by Humberto R. For that, I’d definitely recommend it to anyone at all with more than a cursory interest in science, thought or society. Open Preview See a Problem?

I like reading these technical books but I can never quite hang on to enough of the wow moments varrela ‘penny drops’ to keep it in my consciousness or communicate it to others properly but I’ll give it a go. Jun 04, Rodrigo rated it liked it. To other people you may seem too tolerant. I like how this places competition and ‘selection’ which the book also teases out nicely in a broader context, and makes adaptation, rather than competition, the compelling feature of life.

This describes an entirely new direction in understanding living symmetries and relational hypersystems. This is the book that inspired me arvvore give up fighting what I saw as mainstream unenlightened biological determinism in psychology, and enrol as a mature age student in psychology while a single parent of four. It is the neuronal system that causes the hand to withdraw. Replication, copy, and reproduction can be distinguished by the amount of historicity in each process.


Tree of Knowledge

This is varfla, not because autopoietic unities go against any aspect of physical phenomenology — since their molecular components must fulfil all physical conhedimento — but because the phenomena they generate in functioning as autopoietic unities depend on their organization and the way this organization comes about, and not on the physical nature of their components which only determine the space of their existence.

This, however, is much more rare. I hig Interested in cybernetics, theoretical biology, and philosophy but still find Dan Brown novels to require mental gymnastics? This is because allowing others to share in it allows both arvorf and them to retain knowledge and to retain their adaptation to the environment. Then on page 48, “We are proposing that the mechanism that makes living beings autonomous maturaana is autopoiesis. All in all, a book that’s almost quite completely entirely unlike a something that is superficially similar to a masterpiece.

Variation are the differences of structure in that series. Elementary nervous system — sensory surface, motor surface, system of coordination between surfaces i. Dec 10, Magi rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: In the end we happen, with our consciousness and we are obliged to bring it forth in a way that allows others to share it.

This book succeeds at using a relatively accessable framework and accessable conhecimennto to lead the reader through what are quite challenging and perhaps counter-intuitive ideas about autopoesis and cognition. His work has been influential in many fields, mainly the field of systems thinking and cybernetics. Structural dynamics allow observation, from which predictions can be made — those predictions can be limited by 1. Jun 28, Abailart rated it liked it.

This quotation and the entire final chapter can be found vsrela http: Apr 02, Mahipal Lunia rated it it was amazing.

Naturana author explicitly states at the beginning of the book that he intends to reform the totality of the scientific method, and not only that, the totality of knowledge as well, by establishing a new all-encompassing conceptual framework I loved it! As regards its continuous interactions with the environment, the cell unity classifies them and sees them in accordance with its structure at every instant.

Different observers and even the same observer at different times with different goals advore have different domains of interactions and will define a unity in a different way.


A árvore do conhecimento, cap. 5 e 6 (Maturana e Varela) by Angélica Santos on Prezi

An interesting book carela it presupposes almost no knowledge and tries to explain a theory of cognition rooted in biology. This can be easily demonstrated. Through existing we “put forth a world” that is a result not of direct contact with “objective external realit This is the best book I’ve read probably since I began to read. Complexity in inherent of living things, how simple unicelular being evolved to more complex ones and how the nervous system works.

Refresh and try again. Maturana, along with Francisco Varela and Ricardo B. Nov 28, M.

To phrase it differently yet again, environmental stimuli modulate, they do not control. Humberto Maturana is a Chilean biologist.

But please, do read this. Thus, maturanaa world a 21st century American woman perceives and lives in, though ‘objectively’ the same, is filled with values, notions or lack thereof of right, wrong, old, new, roles, goals, that are for the most part wildly different than the ones through which, say, a native Mongolian in the 15th century perceived. For instance, the overall tone of the book was extremely arrogant.

Tree of Knowledge by Humberto R. Maturana

There are a few things I didn’t like about it, though. I’ve read that and am working through the book which, as well as anything else, is a useful primer for a layperson on cell formation, reproduction, evolutionary ‘drift’ and this will form the basis of a progression to more human behavioural and sociolinguistic phenomena with this biological base. Feb 27, Michael rated it really liked it.

The authors present a unified theory of cognition and concept formation, that can be extended to explain knowledge, knowing, social interactions. This is the best book I’ve read probably since I began to read. Replication repeated generation is ahistorical. Apr 28, Joe Raimondo rated it it was amazing.